Arthritis and osteoarthritis: what is the difference and is there a connection?

When the pain in the joints 90% of patients getting information from the Internet, and a rheumatologist. This desire to educate is commendable, but his research did not become self-diagnosis. Such as arthritis of different etiology and arthritis is similar to the cause of the pain symptoms and similar localization, they are often confused. But after self-treatment complaints are just not going anywhere, but even worse. The fact that the difference between arthritis and osteoarthritis is not only a different suffix (if "it" means an acute, sudden and rapidly developing inflammation, and "oz" - a chronic, slow-growing disease).

The nature of arthritis and osteoarthritis is the same or different?

Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory process, which is often associated with autoimmune diseases transferred infections, hormonal failure, and metabolic factors that affect overall health. Although there are pathological changes in the synovial fluid (as in the case of osteoarthritis is the lack of it) and connective tissue.

Inflammation typically occurs on the background of rheumatoid arthritis, ranging from 25-30 years, or urine, intestinal bacterial infections. The changes primarily affect the synovial membranes of the joint, where the blood vessels.

Arthritis often gives complications in the heart, kidneys and liver, does not limit joint damage.

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease without inflammation, which is associated with the natural wear of the articular surfaces. Thinning of cartilage can be caused by excess stress, hormonal changes, age-related changes in the body of the patient, disorders of the axial load (for example, when the bending posture or wrong broshennyh fractures).

Osteoarthritis is associated with decreased mobility of the joint and the formation of osteophytes. Unlike arthritis, it leads to local mechanical deformation of the nerves and bone, but does not affect other organs and systems. The disease attacks the whole cartilage in its entirety. Osteoarthritis can also be monitored with anti-inflammatory, but they are transient, and occur usually in the second and third stages of the disease.

What is the difference between arthritis and osteoarthritis is of particular note is the age of onset of the disease. The majority of patients with osteoarthritis are in the age group 65 years or more, but the first symptoms can be detected and at the age of 45 years. Arthritis also affects young people of working age to 55 years of age and may occur even in children and adolescents.

Symptoms: arthritis differs from osteoarthritis feel

Difference between arthritis and arthritis is the arthritis started swelling, erythema (redness of the skin and increased skin temperature), and sharp pain that is not related to the intensity of the movements. The pain may even intensify at night (again osteoarthritis after a rest "stops"). The Crunch of arthritis is often lacking. Provoking a pathological condition is usually by stress, fatigue, colds, tonsillitis, cystitis and more.
During an acute episode may be included:

  • temperature rise;
  • fever;
  • growth joint due to the swelling;
  • lack of energy, fatigue;
  • weight loss.

Depending on the etiology:

  • conjunctivitis;
  • pain in the urinary tract;
  • the negative symptoms of the body, which is active in the blood circulation (heart, lungs, kidneys, liver).

The first sign of osteoarthritis is usually muscle discomfort, tension and the emergence of a deaf crunch in the joints. Morning stiffness and other signals may occur much later. Symptoms develop gradually, the disease is characterized by slow character is more important than osteoarthritis differ from arthritis. The progression appears:

Inflamed joints
  • the reduction in the amplitude of movements;
  • by changing the contour of the joint;
  • pain that increases after exercise.

Redness and paroxysmal nature of arthritis is rare, if it is not complicated arthritis.

The nature of the sensations arthritis and osteoarthritis may be similar, but their mechanisms are significantly different. Thus, the classic symptoms of arthritis (swelling, pain, redness of the skin) is formed as a result of synovial fluid, which is produced by the synovial sheath inflammation. The symptoms of arthritis is associated with mechanical damage to the articular surface and the bone, bone spurs and the distribution of asthma burden.

Localization: what is the difference between arthritis and osteoarthritis?

Both diseases can affect any joint, but in most cases, localization of pathology can indirectly show its character. So, for example, arthritis is the so-called "joint destruction" and "joints exception", depending on the prevalence of the disease.

Primarily arthritis is striking:

Joint damage
  • the wrist and metacarpophalangeal joints;
  • the proximal interphalangeal joints;
  • the knee and the ankle;
  • metatarsophalangeal (in particular, the joints of both big toes);
  • the elbow joints.

Lesions may be symmetrical in nature (rheumatoid arthritis) and asymmetric (psoriatic and other types).

Arthritis selects the position of the joints, which anatomically are experiencing heavy load. These are:

  • knee;
  • the metacarpophalangeal joints of the fingers;
  • the distal joints of the fingers;
  • hip;
  • ankle;
  • the intervertebral.

Arthritis differs from osteoarthritis in the joints diagnosis?

The primary diagnosis of arthritis and osteoarthritis involves a visual inspection and palpation of the joints, which has become a source of complaints. Tips can provide and move past illnesses, injuries.

To establish the difference between arthritis and osteoarthritis can comprehensive blood and urine analysis. It can confirm the presence of bacterial pathogens, increased number of leukocytes, the rapid sedimentation of red blood cells and other markers of inflammation (eg. rheumatoid arthritis factor. If the result is "clean", has been determined in other studies.

The diagnosis of arthritis

X-ray shows osteoarthritis with narrowing of the joint space, thinning of the cartilage layer and, depending on the stage of the disease, the presence of osteophytes. Arthritis visible changes are not marked.

The diagnostic can be used in hardware methods of examination (ultrasound, CT, MRI) and invasive surgery (arthroscopy).

What is the difference between arthritis and osteoarthritis

Let's start the predictions. Always incurable osteoarthritis - a chronic disease, and it can only be contained. Arthritis can be chronic (rheumatoid arthritis, idiopathic, psoriatic arthritis), and transient phenomenon (infectious).

Let us consider the specific features and fundamental differences in the treatment of these diseases.

Treatment of arthritis

To get rid of infectious arthritis before the onset of destructive changes in the joint is possible with the help of timely treatment with antibiotics. A key role in the correct choice of drugs (for this purpose, you may have to take the antibiogram). Because self-medication in this case, you can lose valuable time.

Treatment of arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis requires lifelong treatment with corticosteroids, chemotherapy and anti-inflammatory drugs. Their use requires regular consultation with a doctor, as negative effects on the body (in particular, non-compliance with dosage and duration of the course). High efficiency is achieved through new biologics - they alleviate the symptoms (pain and swelling).

Address, if necessary, analgesics - systemic or local action. Complex therapy also includes diet, physiotherapy, therapeutic gymnastics. If the disease has affected other organs, it is necessary to consult specialists.

Treatment of osteoarthritis

The early stages of osteoarthritis highly effective medication and physical therapy techniques that improve the recovery, nutrition and moisture supply to the cartilage. Regular use of chondroprotectors can significantly improve the quality of life in all stages, except the last one.

Treatment of osteoarthritis

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and corticosteroids have been shown symptomatic therapy to reduce inflammation and begin the main treatment. The same principle is used in pain medications - usually local, in the form of gels and creams. Like arthritis, there is shown therapeutic exercise and physical therapy, but the methods differ. Optimal choice: electrophoresis, magneto therapy, mud therapy and more.

What is the difference between arthritis and osteoarthritis? The emphasis is on "restoring" the cartilage capsule. However, in advanced cases may require surgical treatment, even a prosthetic joint.

These are the two diseases?

The symptoms of arthritis and osteoarthritis often occur together, making it difficult to diagnosis. Inflammation can occur as a result of osteoarthritis, but osteoarthritis may develop on the basis of arthritis (for example, damaged cartilage tissue uric acid crystals).

Often the difference between arthritis and arthrosis was removed, so the diagnosis using the hybrid definition: osteoarthritis. It means that the disease, which is degenerative and inflammatory diseases of the symptoms (they appear simultaneously). This condition is common for the second or more stages of osteoarthritis, when the cartilage of the violation of the structure of the musculoskeletal system leads to local inflammation.

Prevention of arthritis involves avoiding harmful habits, healthy and orthopedic treatment and diet. Weight is regulated. Sports activities should be carried out regularly, but without overloading the pre-stretching. Shoes, a pillow, the workplace should be comfortable. Prevent arthritis important to timely vaccination, treatment of infectious diseases, maintenance of dental health and high immunity. To avoid hypothermia, stress and physical overload!

I hope this information has helped You to understand what is the difference between arthritis osteoarthritis!