Osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine: symptoms, treatment, degree, gymnastics

The disease is "chameleon", a disease that masquerades as a dangerous, heart and lungs, causing panic attacks feeling and lack of air is osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine. The symptoms can be so different, that an inexperienced doctor trying to find a reason to determine a set of tests, sometimes, and put a man in intensive care.

How to understand what you have degenerative disc disease in the thoracic and how to fix it so we can talk.

Reasons

The disease is quite rare. This is due to the fact that the spine, which is created by the joints between the vertebrae of the chest almost motionless. And, if the person is guilty of some kind of sudden movement, or use camera moves against the axis of the intervertebral joints (e.g., digging or lifting weight in vain with one hand), which contains all the thoracic vertebrae onwards. Separate from each other, they do not work.

Causes include thoracic osteochondrosis:

  • scoliosis of the thoracic spine or the lumbosacral;
  • excessive physical or invalid exertion;
  • injuries of the thoracic spine;
  • overweight – more than 10% of what "is" the body structure;
  • violation of the metabolism – the result of endocrine diseases (diabetes, adrenal disease and others) or lack of food;
  • developmental abnormalities of the thoracic spine;
  • physical inactivity (the intervertebral disc, which collapses osteochondrosis – powered, even when the back muscles).

The degree of thoracic osteochondrosis

stages of degenerative disc disease

The doctors decided to grant the degree of degenerative disc disease of the breast so that you can understand how far the process of destruction of the disc between two thoracic vertebrae.

So 4 ° thoracic osteochondrosis:

  • 1 degree. The intervertebral disc loses moisture, becomes brittle, cracks. This is associated with minimal pain, lost, alone.
  • Of 2 degrees. The amount of fluid in the fibrous ring of the intervertebral disc becomes even smaller: the height of the plate decreases, the cracks (especially one of them) deepens. Failure to fill the "core" of the drive – purpose nuclear, still that razvlekaet crack. Out of purpose is the core still does not penetrate. Back muscles in the area of the damaged intervertebral disc strain, trying to keep the spine of the turn towards the "leaky" disc. This causes severe pain in the back, which require you to take breaks at work.
  • 3. degree. A crack in the fibrous ring of the disc reaches the edge of the point, the purpose is the core rushes in and begins to work. Thus, the 3 waste is intervertebral hernia. The pain is felt nearly all the time – in operation. Man have to change jobs more level. Self-service save.
  • 4°. Area of affect disc growth of connective tissue. It prevents the adjacent vertebrae. In addition, the spine bone tries to compensate for the decrease of the gap of the vertebrae, and growing on. Appear to the bone "spikes" on – osteophytes.

Symptoms

At the beginning of

When the purpose the core is not completely from the inside of the surrounding ring Plc, it almost does not occur. From time to time, kun or slopes lift weights, you may have pain between the shoulder blades, which quickly disappears after rest.

Symptoms of degenerative disc disease of the thoracic spine in the acute phase can be very different, this:

Chest pain

His use of the camera and tease a long-lasting, but sometimes can be acute. Localization:

  • back – between the shoulder blades;
  • the region of the heart;
  • in the stomach;
  • in the region of the ribs, so it hurts to breathe.

The difference when this pain of degenerative disc disease is that:

  • he is never so strong that you can't lose consciousness. This is typical of myocardial infarction;
  • does not occur in response to emotional stress, unnecessary physical;
  • not show up, even against walking with the wind, climbing stairs, or when out in the cold;
  • it has been improved by raising his hand, turns and tilts;
  • improve, if you take a deep breath;
  • attacks of pain differ from each other and the localization intensity (angina pectoris, for example, they are stereotyped);
  • does not prevent the load;
  • it can be local, if someone fingers put pressure on the spine the thoracic spine the place, one is very painful;
  • he gave the hand, although the use of the camera 2 hands. But while he gives the left hand (like heart pain), not the little finger;
  • not addicted to food, or such as gastritis angina pectoris;
  • is not to eliminate the nitroglycerin, which helps instead of angina pectoris;
  • not amplified, the feeling of kun in the chest (if it seemed that it happens). The chest When there is nothing or parts of the studied seals;
  • no pain accumulated gradually, but after cessation or stress nitroglycerin abruptly disappeared. This is a typical angina pectoris;
  • the pain is accompanied by nausea, heartburn, belching. This can be a sign and gastritis angina pectoris.

Feeling pressure on the chest

which can be "imperfect breathing". Symptoms Usually, this pain is still involved in the back, but if there is no pain, no intoxication, such as pneumonia (a weakness, the desire to relax, reduces the appetite). This can cause panic, but calm down, to count the pulse. If thoracic degenerative disc disease, it is not more than 100 beats per minute, diseases of the heart or lungs – can be.

Other symptoms

  • Disorder, feeling of the hand or of two hands: they are becoming more "cool" freezing them "run creepy".
  • In some cases, the symptoms of osteochondrosis of the thoracic resemble a panic attack (fear, palpitations, sweating). Along with pain in the chest, which may indicate a myocardial infarction, so in this case it is better to take Nitroglycerin (up to 3 tablets) and call an Ambulance, which removed cardiogram.
  • Disorders of the digestive system: often an exacerbation of gastritis, constipation, bloating, recurrent abdominal pain, intermittent diarrhea, without errors in diet.

If thoracic degenerative disc disease, these symptoms last about 10-14 days, provided that you have temporarily stopped to bend, unfortunately, and perform twisting movements. The disease pass into the subacute stage.

Signs of subacute stage

Shortness of Pain and is still there, but they are not as powerful and less effort. So, if necessary in the acute stage is to find a position to sleep and does not suffocate the subacute period is already so much effort to apply is not necessary.

Stage lasts 12-14 days. If you follow all the recommendations to lift weights the doctor no, no, no, not thin, supercooled, phase of remission, when symptoms disappear. If the mode is broken, the disease can go back to the acute stage.

Remission

During this period, no symptoms is. It can, of course, the "shoot" side if you decide to physically hard work, but it passes quickly.

The disease can cause:

  • physical activity (especially lifting and bending);
  • stress;
  • hypothermia;
  • the sudden change of cold to warm (diving into the hole, or swimming in the snow after a sauna);
  • a failed trip or a massage massage therapy;
  • long-term English in a bent position;
  • alcohol use (especially in combination with the above factors).

Diagnosis

Diagnosis and treatment of degenerative disc disease of the thoracic spine is involved in the doctor-neurologist (a neurologist). When you come to him, described in the complaint, it will perform a preliminary inspection: the probes between the thoracic vertebrae (osteochondrosis it is possible to find the painful point) and to determine the reflexes and sensitivity of hands.

To confirm the diagnosis, he needs to:

  • The ECG, possibly due to the load on a treadmill (treadmill). This will remove angina pectoris;
  • x-rays or CT of the thoracic spine;
  • women, especially older – mammogram, because the symptoms of thoracic osteochondrosis is often accompanied by diseases of the breast is not always cancer.

Treatment

How to treat osteochondrosis of the breast, the doctor said, after confirmation of the diagnosis, determine the stage and nature of the violations (the sensitivity of the hands, respiratory diseases).

In the acute phase is recommended, the bed, or at least polupostelny mode, minimal motor activity. In the future the system will expand. Usually the treatment of degenerative disc disease, the use of such techniques (the need for the complex):

Medication

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory

They are also painkillers. He can connect to drink in the form of tablets or as a plaster ("olfe's") – if the pain is tolerable. During the Year the subacute can be applied to cream osteochondrosis. And in the acute stage, when severe pain in vain as injections.

  • About Diclofenac (Voltaren colleagues, Almiran, olfe I, Naklofen, Diklak) – the "strong" group of anti-inflammatory drugs.
  • This includes Ibuprofen", mawa hotel", Nise.
  • Such as painkillers such as Caver, Ketanov List or better not to use – weak anti-inflammatory effect.

Muscle relaxants

Their mission is to relieve the spasm of the muscles that keep the spine from a u-turn and and peredelyvayut nerve endings the blood vessels. In the acute period it is better to accept the injections osteochondrosis, then go on the pill.

  • This Mydocalm, Chiseled, Sirdalud.

Chondroprotectors

Are drugs, whose effectiveness is still controversial. However, many doctors recommend the use of their long course of the intervertebral disc may restore.

  • This Arthritis, Asked, on fb, teraflex, Structube and others.

Vitamins group B

They are necessary in order to improve the transfer of impulse from nerve to muscle. In the acute period it is better to start the injections, for example, is then Used to go to the e pills Use, Milgamma, Neurovitan or the other.

Note: if you want to remove the pain in thoracic osteochondrosis necessary! You can Then breathe in the full force of the song, which improves the supply of oxygen throughout the organism. In addition, the removal of the shallow breathing in the prevention of congestive pneumonia.

Occupational therapy treatment

This treatment enhances the effect of medicines. To apply:

  1. Electrophoresis with anesthetics and medicines that improve the local blood circulation. In this case, the drug carries an electric current directly to the tissue of the back.
  2. Magneto therapy. Under the influence of the magnetic field improves the function of the strangulated nerve endings, relieves swelling of tissues.
  3. Phonophoresis (administration of medication using ultrasound) helps to numb the back and remove the inflammation of affected tissues. It also has the ability to increase metabolism in the treated area.
  4. Acupuncture – the use of special sterile needles into active points, which are responsible for the thoracic spine.
  5. Laser treatment for external method – to improve the blood circulation to the tense muscles and the afflicted intervertebral disc.

Massage

Massage in osteochondrosis is an effective procedure, if it is done by a specialist. Massage can improve blood circulation to the affected area, relieve spasm of the muscles, improves blood circulation in the lymph area, and this. It speeds up healing and reduce pain.

Important: in the acute period of the disease massage charging degenerative disc disease, is against the contraindicated. Continue the procedure, 2 weeks after the subsiding of acute pain and difficulty breathing. Massage should not cause discomfort or pain!

Reduce the number of exacerbations, courses of massage is recommended to perform at least 2 times a year. It can be:

  • therapeutic hand massage: different areas of effect of hands and lost muscle tone, normalize their position;
  • hardware: working out the muscles with a variety of exciting head. You can also resort to the services offered by cosmetologists: endosfera and LPG-massage. They are also a good effect on the patient's back;
  • point: in this case, manually, work acupressure what, what improves the condition of pinched, because of the reversal of the spine internal organs;
  • cupping: the impact of the changed tone-muscle complete using vacuum.

Occupational therapy

Exercises with osteochondrosis it is possible to start against subacute remission during yes 2 weeks after removal of the disc herniation.

Physical therapy is against contraindicated, the back muscles if you are still very tense, one vertebra held tightly to another, that requires surgical intervention when severe pain.

Gymnastics osteochondrosis it is recommended to start samovyrazheniya the spine. A man must take is a and the flat Board, and attach the other end to the wall height of about 100 cm from the floor (to get the angle of 30-45°). The bottom rests on the floor. On top, on both sides, which is attached to the 2 leather straps with a length of about 45 cm, so it pass and then it took my hand.

Methods samovyrazheniya the fact that this Government can you go back, head up, hands in the straps. Under knees enclose a soft cloth, rolled up his pillow, and then give 10-15 minutes. Hurt should not be. If pain is present, increase the angle of the Board. If this does not work, a man needs to do differently:

  • do the floor and pillow blankets;
  • lie on the roller so, that was the beginning of the locked region;
  • legs apart a little;
  • elbows and knees bent, touching the floor, he bear the weight of the body;
    the head is slightly drooping or lying with arms crossed;
  • so if you don't feel that your spine is stretched, you can increase the load: push leg and the back arm forward;
  • 5 minutes breath for 10 seconds to stretch the back muscles, is to breathe — to relax
  • relax and breathe into the stomach, for another 5 minutes.
the simulator bridge

Bridge

Instead of such a work, it is possible to use the simulator, which is called the "Bridge to stretch the spine." He pulls and stretches the spine, primarily in the thoracic spine damaged the weight of his own body below (he is the metal arc).

Using in remission for it in vain for 5 minutes, 2 times a day, can significantly extend the life of quiet people in this third part. This trainer has a lot of positive reviews.

Complications of thoracic osteochondrosis

These are:

  • pulmonary fibrosis;
  • rhythm disorder;
  • vegetative-vascular dystonia;
  • disorders of the digestive system;
  • the weakening of and sexual reproductive functions in both men and women.

Prevention

Never experience it, what is lower back pain (you move, particularly if little or have scoliosis), pay attention to the following preventive measures:

  1. Not Super Cool.
  2. Not drastically raise the severity of this should happen after the training.
  3. Watch your posture when sitting and walking. In the car, you can install an ergonomic chair that supports your back straight.
  4. Remember to take breaks during work: nose up, walk, do self-massage of the back of the spine to get enough power.
  5. Don't start scoliosis: treat it in time.
  6. Reduce salt and sugar in the diet.
  7. Meals to Eliminate include meat, marinades, spicy condiments. Fried food is necessary to remove also.
  8. Sleep with orthopedic mattress and low (or too orthopedic) pillow.