Symptoms and treatment of cervical degenerative disc disease: exercise and prevention at home

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Modern realities have an impact on human health is not the best way. Unhealthy lifestyle, the hard working conditions lead to several health disorders in person. Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine – disease, staff, ranked 5. the world the number of people suffering from this disease.

What is cervical degenerative disc disease and how dangerous it is?

Under the degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine, it is necessary to understand the progressive dystrophic-degenerative lesions of the intervertebral discs (the area between the 1. and 7. vertebra). As a result, the disease is a form of change, and the depletion of the later loss of the spine of the body. Disease of the spine can be the number of steps, so it is important to detect the disease in its early stages.

Compression of the nerve roots of the spine and blood vessels can lead to blood circulation disorders of the brain. Running conditions can even lead to stroke. It suffers from the heart and blood vessels, and in the year to deal with the pressure, and be guilty, cervical osteochondrosis.

The reasons for the development of the disease

There are many factors that lead to degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine:

  • lack of exercise;
  • weight;
  • trauma of the spine;
  • position-the position, the constant tension the back and neck;
  • the wrong diet;
  • physical activity;
  • stress and nervous disorders;
  • heredity;
  • infectious diseases;
  • the individual characteristics of the body structure;
  • the change in motion of the cervical spine.

Symptoms and signs of osteoarthritis

The danger of the disease cervical degenerative disc disease is associated with absence of symptoms in the early stages. When the pain is often patients use pain medications, which is very misleading, because the process of development of osteochondrosis of the cervical running, and the correct diagnosis, after which treatment it is very late for successful treatment.

First of all, you need to pay attention to the presence of the main symptoms of the symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis:

  1. Dizziness. You need to understand that this symptom may indicate the presence of other diseases. Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine dizziness occurs in systemic, that is, the patient feels a constant movement of the surrounding objects.
  2. Headache. Is aching in nature, with the ripple, can be both persistent and paroxysmal.
  3. Localization of pain. Often, patients with cervical osteochondrosis pain is detected at the turn of the head, neck, shoulders, limbs.
  4. Blood pressure. Combined with other symptoms (headaches, tension and hand fatigue, stress and long-term in one position).
  5. Tinnitus and decreased vision.
  6. Weakness and fatigue of the body.
  7. Sleep disturbance and pain when sleeping on the neck, the limbs, numbness.

Diagnosis of the disease

With the existence of the above symptoms of cervical degenerative disc disease self-medication is strictly prohibited. Only a doctor can assess the situation and give the patient a diagnosis and appropriate treatment. To determine the disease is recommended:

  • x-rays of the spine (cervical);
  • ECG;
  • MRI spine (cervical);
  • rheoencephalography.

Computed tomography of the

One of the most accurate methods for diagnosing degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine is a CT (computed tomography). The procedure is carried out as intended, there are no contraindications (limited to a weight of 160 pounds). CT accurately reflects the condition of the spine, intervertebral disks, to detect fractures, tumors, hernia and other infections. The method is completely safe.

MRI

Mri can detect cervical osteochondrosis of the spine in a very early stage. The pictures clearly show the nerve roots, their integrity, and their place has been broken, hernia and other pathology. Contraindications to MRI may be the presence of a cardiac pacemaker. It is unwanted in 1. trimester of pregnancy. Through the picture, the doctor can prescribe treatment.

Radiography

X-rays of the cervical spine is performed in two projections and tell me what the distance between the vertebrae, the condition of the vertebrae, osteoporosis and the state of compaction of the bone tissue, neoplastic processes, degenerative condition and other pathology of the spine.

Contra-indications: pregnancy, weight more than 180 kg, and mental disorders.

In the development phase of osteochondrosis

There are 4 main stages of development of cervical osteochondrosis:

  • Stage 1 – pain, cracking when turning the neck, limited mobility, headache, sleep disturbances;
  • Step 2 – thinning of the intervertebral disc capsule, pinching the nerve endings and blood vessels;
  • Step 3 – the appearance of protrusions and hernias, deformities of the spine, causing dizziness, pain, disorders of movement coordination, impaired blood circulation in the brain;
  • Step 4 – persistent pain, possible neurological complications, loss of consciousness, impaired vision, and even paralysis.

Possible complications and consequences

If left untreated, cervical osteochondrosis, it can cause serious diseases of the spine and the whole body:

  • the work of the heart and blood vessels;
  • vision and hearing;
  • brain blood circulation;
  • the vestibular apparatus;
  • an increase in pressure;
  • the appearance of a hernia in the spine.

Treatment of cervical degenerative disc disease

Before giving the patient the drug therapy of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, the doctor will perform a full examination to identify the stage of the disease. Then the choice of treatment on a case by case basis.

Mainly prescribe such drugs:

  • drugs to relieve muscle spasm;
  • painkillers;
  • anti-inflammatory;
  • complex b vitamins;
  • stimulants recovery.

In case of advanced degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine may prescribe injections. Often used in complex treatment and physiotherapy (electrophoresis, ultrasound, laser therapy, magnetic therapy).

First aid for acute pain

The first task is to remove the pain and muscle spasms. You need to visit your doctor, take the prescribed pain medications and anti-inflammatory drugs and go to sleep. After 4-5 days at least to reduce the pain, may prescribe physical therapy. As a rule, appoint conservative treatment.

Medication

The mainstay of treatment lower back pain – medications:

  • pain medications;
  • antispasmodics;
  • anti-inflammatory drugs;
  • vasodilators;
  • chondroprotectors.

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

Nsaids are designed to relieve pain and inflammation. They are used for the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis.

Muscle relaxants

There is a large list of muscle relaxants that are prescribed for the treatment of cervical degenerative disc disease. To apply them it is necessary only in case of severe pain, because they do not reduce inflammation.

Analgesics

Treatment painkillers can be in the form of tablets and injections. Also prescribe painkillers creams and gels.

Vitamins

In the treatment of the spine and cervical osteochondrosis necessarily a list of medications should include vitamins a, E and D. Vitamin a affects the nervous system; vitamin D helps the absorption of calcium; vitamins a and E are responsible for the condition of the cartilage.

Physiotherapy and exercise therapy

Light, non-resistant exercises must be coordinated by the treating physician taking into account individual peculiarities of the patient, stage of disease, osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, the presence of other abnormalities in the body. The exercises lasted about 15-20 minutes every day. Complex exercises, it is better to find a way to do both at home and at work.

Therapeutic exercises can quickly and efficiently give a positive result when the disease. The most important thing is that the patient does not experience pain and discomfort during any movement.

The basic exercises, physical therapy:

  • in a sitting position with your back straight, gently turn your head to the left, to the right, then bounce up-and-down movements;
  • with his hand on his forehead, gently tilt your head forward while offering little resistance to the head;
  • lying on his stomach turn head left-right so that his ear touched the floor;
  • to take a vertical position and raise the shoulders, hold for a few seconds. Repeat a few times.

Bath treatments

Treatment of cervical osteochondrosis is a large effect of balneotherapy (healing with mineral water and mud). For rehabilitation, these procedures will help active natural ingredients through the skin and affects the nerve endings. Treatments to relieve pain, improve blood circulation and to permanently fix a positive treatment effect.

Electrophoresis

Electrophoresis refers to the combined methods of physiotherapy. It is given together with the basic treatment of severe pain. Electrophoresis is performed by application of procaine, and gives up to 10 treatments.

Acupuncture

Every human body has its point on the skin of the body. Influencing these points, it is possible to control the whole body. Acupuncture cervical osteochondrosis stimulating blood flow to brain, relieve dizziness, pain, and general malaise. It is a powerful treatment that helps restore health and strength.

Ultrasound therapy

Ultrasound the use of medicinal substances into the skin (phonophoresis) has on the human body positive effects and give a nice effect in the background of the basic treatment:

  • to reduce the swelling;
  • relieve spasms, massaging the muscles;
  • increases blood flow to the places to which it is directed.

Treatment of folk remedies

The treatment of cervical degenerative disc disease in the spine using a variety of folk methods to relieve pain and inflammation:

  • pack;
  • rubbing;
  • hirudotherapy (treatment with leeches).

Therapeutic massage

An important condition massage with osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is a warning. The patient can do massage at home, but before that you need to consult a doctor, based on the individual characteristics of the stage of disease of the spine. But we do not recommend massage to my patients!

The patient to take a comfortable horizontal position, sometimes must be in place. To start massage for a healthy back and gradually, flowing, relaxing movements move to the affected area. Pay great attention to the neck area, the neck. Gradually relaxing from the stroking turned to rubbing and Pat. Use the rubbing means to improve blood circulation and relieve pain.

To prevent the development of osteoarthritis

With the help of preventive measures can prevent or reduce the factors which develop the disease.

The most important thing is the right and healthy lifestyle, i.e., low physical activity, a balanced diet, exercises. Very effective in helping to prevent the development of degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine regularly, swimming and yoga. Don't forget comfortable sleep orthopedic mattress and pillows. With a long-term stay in one position definitely to do a little exercise. To avoid stress and fatigue. More walk in the fresh air.

Diet and nutrition osteochondrosis

Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is very important to follow a proper diet, which will give the necessary trace elements in cartilage. Such substances are gelatin (natural cartilage). It is located in the jelly, aspic fish, meat jelly and fruit jelly. You need to drink up to 2 liters of water a day. The main menu should be protein-rich food. Remove soda, coffee, sorrel, grapes, alcohol, soup.