Symptoms and treatment of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine

Osteochondrosis is a chronic disease that is symptomatically expressed degenerative disorders of articular cartilage. The most common osteochondrosis of the spine, when the changes and paid the intervertebral discs of the vertebrae joints. Depending on the localization distinguish cervical, thoracic and lumbar osteochondrosis. Common osteochondrosis, which affects all parts of the spine. Pathology requires consultation with a physician for treatment and an integrated approach.

Diseases of the spine

Description

Diseases of the spine, like other chronic diseases, fast "younger". If, before the pain in the back joints bothered parents and people today, this problem, doctors are increasingly more frequently in patients 18 to 30 years.

Prerequisite for the development of this disease scientists believe that human bipedalism, degenerative disc disease a long time will also affect the sitting position. In addition, with age, the articular cartilage loses elasticity, becomes thinner; the intervertebral discs lose and moisture shock-absorbing ability, become vulnerable during exercise.

Reasons

Causes of cervical degenerative disc disease is rooted in stress and they affect the cervical spine under different conditions. Therefore, the muscles in the neck area quickly begins to decrease and thus compensate for this load, will the result that there is a spasm weakened flow of the blood of the son of ny in this area.

  1. Posture Scoliosis, stoop, round back, kyphosis disorders and other posture, although they are small in nature, cause a serious imbalance in the spine. As a result, the load on the intervertebral discs is distributed unevenly, which causes them and the deformation excessive wear. The vertebrae start to converge, what causes a pinched nerve in the process of rapidly developing cervical osteochondrosis. Similar effects have posture disorders, caused by a change in the natural position of the ribs.
  2. Cramps Spasmodic muscular reaction of the back muscles, the chest press can cause certain areas of the body is seriously strained. As a result disturbed the Overall balance of the position of the body, which cause changes in the position of the spine. The deformation can affect the cervix or other parts of the spine, causing degenerative disc disease of the breast, cervical, lumbar.
  3. Circulatory disorders because the spinal discs connection is not a nun the bloodstream, the food that he will get the surrounding tissues. Circulatory disorders of the cervix leads to the fact that not a stabilisation and association agreement enough plates for liquids hydration (recovery shape, due to moisture absorption), updates the cartilage. As a result, their wear is accelerated, reducing the distance between the cervical vertebrae leading to degenerative disc disease.
  4. Violation of innervation decreased sensitivity of nerve roots leads to pathological changes in their structure, resulting in the displacement and deformation of the cervical spine vertebrae remain unnoticed by the patient. Pain Because it is incomplete, because the loss of sensitivity.
  5. The damaged disc
  6. Diseases of the internal organs in the Wrong position of the internal organs, and offset the decline by, because of a variety of malfunctions which leads to disruption of the overall balance of the body. The result is particularly noticeable in the position of the spine — cervical, lumbar vertebrae will move and change shape, which leads to the issue of degenerative disc disease.

Usually the cervical osteochondrosis develops after exposure to harmful external factors disrupting the natural balance of the position of the spine and other systems of the human body.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis of cervical degenerative disc disease begins to collect all the necessary information about the patient. An expert asked about the complaints, which applies to a person who is interested in his professional activities, how he spends as well as his weekend. Important is English for degenerative disc disease of the parents and patient grandparents, because the disease's hereditary nature.

Then the doctor less direct visual inspection of the patient. He will examine the cervix back and the topic of the curvature of the bearing, palpated in the cervical region. This will help the expert assess the extent to which the development of the disease, since in advanced cases palpation of the cervix causing the sharp pain.

During the inspection, the man should pay attention to:

  • the severity of the cervical lordosis;
  • shoulder height of the patient;
  • the possibility of asymmetry of the supraclavicular regions;
  • the possibility of asymmetry of the neck (for example, a study of congenital anomalies or sudden muscle spasm);
  • the condition and muscles of the shoulder girdle upper limb (for example, unilateral muscle atrophy may indicate compression of the cervical spinal roots);
  • the location of chin — chin, normal should be placed on the middle line;
  • the movement of the neck (flexion-extension, bending left and right rotation).

Palpation is held in the initial position of the patient:

  • lying on the back;
  • lying on his stomach;
  • sitting in a chair.

Also performs research the range of motion. Will be held in the initial position the patient sitting on a chair (to fix the rest of the spine).

The electoral alliance of motion of the cervical spine:

  • bending;
  • extension;
  • tilts to the right and to the left;
  • rotation.
Posture

About half of flexion paid for the extension and between the occiput, vertebrae C1 and C2. The rest of the children due to the background of the vertebrae, large-scale movements of the C5-C7 vertebrae. Lateral slopes evenly on all vertebrae.

Accurately diagnose, appoint additional research:

  1. X-rays of the neck. This method is suitable for the early stages of the disease, but it can be useless advanced forms.
  2. CT (computed tomography). You can see the structural changes of the vertebrae, but this method is impossible to determine the size of the hernia between vertebrae.
  3. MRI. Considered to be the most effective way to diagnosis of cervical degenerative disc disease. You can determine the size of the hernia discs-degree between and their development.
  4. The doctor can also determine the number of duplex scan disorders of blood circulation in the arteries.

Treatment

Treatment of cervical degenerative disc disease is a complex therapy, including medications, gels, a variety of occupational therapy and activities. An important role in therapeutic exercises and massage on the problem areas.

Medicine

To eliminate the effects of degenerative spine changes without the use of drugs is impossible. Drugs for the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis-is one of the most important aspects of the holistic approach to Wellness that most of the experts of traditional medicine.

It is intended to solve several problems, including:

  • symptoms pain and remove the inflammatory process;
  • to relieve the muscle spasm;
  • promote cartilage regeneration and cells and bone tissues;
  • to strengthen the protective properties of the body, enhance immunity;
  • to improve the General condition by removing the other symptoms that hinder recovery.

Depending on these objectives, all medicines prescribed by a doctor person suffering from cervical degenerative disc disease, can be divided into the following groups:

  1. Analgesics (non-steroidal drug, which relieves pain).
  2. Anti-inflammatory (steroid) Is a hormonal medication, relieve inflammation and thus eliminate the pain.
  3. Chondroprotectors are drugs, which contain substances, the remaining parts of the cartilage – chondroitin sulphate, hyaluronic acid.
  4. The muscle relaxants. These are preparations, relaxing muscle tone. They are used in orthopedics and surgery, as subsidiary means to relieve pain. Such drugs are administered parenterally, that is why it is always under the supervision of a physician.
  5. Vitamins
  6. Vitamins. Osteochondrosis of the cervical appointed vitamins, has a positive effect on the peripheral nervous system and improve the conductivity. Water-soluble vitamins: B1, B6, B12, fat-soluble vitamins: A, C, D, E. last year were likely to prescribe combination drugs, which include painkillers vitamins and components.
  7. Creams gels and external use.

Occupational therapy

The main aim of occupational therapy treatment is the stimulation of the regeneration process in the body and remove the pain. The most popular methods for the treatment of cervical chondrosis are the following:

  1. Ultrasound. Occupational therapy ultrasound waves is used to relieve severe pain and the manifestations of inflammatory reaction. Ultrasound massaging fabric in the neck, after which the metabolism is activated.
  2. Vibratory massage. The effect of part-pain, when the vibration is provided by means of the mechanical reciprocating movement. For the proper implementation of occupational therapy generally use a tape of the bustline.
  3. Electrophoresis.It is a method to perform occupational therapy cervical osteochondrosis full using diadynamic modulated currents electric fields and when it is brought to the tissues of the body drugs. Electrophoresis requires a spastic syndrome of the large and pain relieve, sore muscles.
  4. Magneto therapy. Nuclear magnetic therapy as physical treatment of osteochondrosis of cervical the use of the river vuoksi or constant variable field magnet frequency of different size. This method can help and remove the patient from pain stop the inflammatory process in the outbreak. The procedure is often full at home, when you buy a special tennent magnetograph.
  5. Detenzor therapy. Currently quite a popular method, physical therapy, involving stretching of the spine under the body weight of the patient. This procedure, male need to arranged in a special way mattress, with sloping edges and they change the location of the weight of his own body below. Muscle tone normal,which leads to their relaxation.
  6. Laseroterapia
  7. Laseroterapia. The Laser has a complex effect on inflammation, it activates biological processes in the tissues of the nervous system. This can be used to obtain a positive effect of treatment. A complex effect on the body has anti-inflammatory, pain-healing effect and wound. One procedure lazer treatment is the stabilisation and association agreement exceeds 15 minutes. That time is optimal sectoral effects of helium-neon laser on the affected areas. The duration of the laser painful one point is the stabilisation and association agreement exceed 2 minutes.
  8. Bath treatments. The use of mineral water has long been known, it is based on this treatment. In the method, the active use of water resources for the treatment of osteoarthritis. In addition to bathing, showers and a variety of refreshing swim in the outdoor pool, therapy involves the use of applications, the therapeutic mud on the painful parts of the body. Therapeutic effect is achieved at the same time the effect of chemically active substances, which contain water under different temperature regimes. The method allows to stop pain, improve local microcirculation in the tissues.

Occupational therapy

Remember that occupational therapy is not performed, when signs of acute pain. After the complex treatment, they can grow and cause harm.

There are some General recommendations to make in the download:

  1. Physical training should take place in premises with good ventilation, a good option for the street.
  2. Classes are held in vain by a period of remission (when there are no symptoms).
  3. Clothing gymnastic courses widely, not restricting movements and breathing.
  4. Are All the movements smooth, the amplitude of repetitions and the amount is increased gradually.
  5. If you have pain, the man should immediately stop the occupation.
  6. The previous class and the measurement and the complete pressure pulse. When these rates are different than normal, it should reduce the load.
  7. It is desirable that the size of the class, listen to breathing, it increases the efficiency. All stretching exercises for full breathing.
  8. It is very important to gradually increase and the load number of repetitions, it the risk of injury reduces and prevents fatigue.
  9. Physiotherapy
  10. Exercises to do on a regular basis is important so that it is possible to achieve a speedy result.
  11. Before the self-study should consult with your doctor and agree with him a set of exercises.

Recommended exercises starting position lying on his stomach:

  1. The weight of the head point of the forehead hands head, elbows parallel to the floor. Lift the head, hands on the floor, hold this position for 4 accounts, unfortunately, and relax. 2-4 the Second time.
  2. The weight of the head point of the chin, hand under the chin. When the hands pull forward, separate parties of two, three pulls ahead, four to the original position. 2-4 the Second time.
  3. Hands stretched forward. Swimming style "crawl", repeat 4-8 times.
  4. Hand under the chin, focusing on his forehead. Alternately pulling your heel to your buttocks. 4-8 for the Second time.

Recommended exercises in initial position lying on its side (right, then left):

  1. Extended the Right hand on top, it is your right ear, raise your right hand together with your head, hold this position for 4 accounts, unfortunately, and relax. 2-4 the Second time.
  2. The left hand rests on the floor in front of chest, left foot makes flapping back and forth. 6-8 a Second time.
  3. Arm along the body to the Left, the left hand lift up-exhale, lower-inhale. 2-4 the Second time.
  4. Left hand on hip. Pull both knees to the chest on the exhale, straighten your legs to breathe. Exercises 2-4 for the Second time.