Modern methods of treatment to relieve the symptoms of osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is not an acute condition, a slowly progressive destruction of the shock-absorbing tissue and reducing fluid in the knee joint. Stretch-fabric and offer the flexibility of mobility in the limbs, however, a middle-aged elderly people the cartilaginous and the nasal sinuses lose such property.

Interesting! You can often hear elderly people speak of "toph" in. This expression is invalid not not not not salt in the body, delayed, on the contrary, there is a degeneration of the synovial membrane.

what is osteoarthritis

Gradually, the shock absorption between the femur and tibia bones decreases and they begin to RUB against each other. And, despite the fact that human bones are very durable to withstand direct and even pressure of two hundred pounds, the constant friction they removed the seats have views of the natural joint osteophytes – bone spurs.

Post-traumatic form of this disease occurs in young people interested in power sports or after car accidents and other serious injuries of the limbs.

If the main factors that contribute to disease development, we can identify the main causes of osteoarthritis of the knee:

  1. Age over forty, especially women.
  2. Systemic disease that affects connective tissue – arthritis, lupus, gout.
  3. Diabetes was published in the first and second type.
  4. Overweight, which is formed chronic increased load on the limbs.
  5. Is in a forced position sitting or standing.
  6. Post-traumatic foot condition.

In the latter case, the disease usually occurs as a complication of acute hemarthrosis, which is bleeding in the cavity of the knee joint.Inadequate method of treatment or without medical intervention in exceptional circumstances – the cause of chronic transition, and more difficult step.

The clinical picture

Signs of osteoarthritis the early stages often go unnoticed. Men rarely pay attention to small deviations from the norm, typical of the first stage of the disease. When osteoarthritis knee joint symptoms can be noticed rather quickly. Show such ailments:

  • a small rustling during movement and sudden change of posture;
  • numbness in the lower leg region;
  • fatigue in the evenings or after a long hike.

This is especially true for the elderly, that this condition is the reason life, and I believe that it should be. Indeed, unlike gonarthrosis post-traumatic conditions, for a long time does not cause severe symptoms, very rarely, and people think that the prevention of this disease.

In order not to lose the occurrence of symptoms of secondary osteoarthritis of the knee, should not go unnoticed such manifestations:

  • swelling;
  • fatigue and heaviness in the legs;
  • difficulties, when a man had to climb the steep stairs.

However, these symptoms are often overlooked progresses and disease. Seem clinically significant symptoms:

the symptoms of osteoarthritis
  1. Drawing or oppressive pain increases in the evening and after waking up.
  2. Poor mobility of the limb.
  3. Swelling, which is not dependent on the state and the amount of the kidneys of the fluid you drink.
  4. Gradually increasing the squeaks in the joints.
  5. The inability to stay long in one position or sitting from a standing position.
  6. Sometimes there is redness around the knee.

Such changes are characterized by chronic gonarthrosis. In the form of posttraumatic symptoms increases dramatically for a few hours or ill with the clinical picture of the day of the trauma. Dominated by the sharp, difficult to bear the pain, the injured leg has swollen considerably and there is redness of the damaged area, people can not step on the feet. Without treatment after injury atras most often develops quickly, in a few cases, I found arrested development, where the patients after 2 to 7 years, in the face of malaise.

Important! Despite the fairly typical clinical text, the final diagnosis after investigation. Diagnostic methods, or ultrasound x-rays, face-to-face examination by a rheumatologist or traumatologist.

Obtained using ultrasound and x-ray image is displayed on the internal changes in the synovial membrane and the degree of the proliferation of osteophytes. Depending on the extent of the pathological process of the treatment, specific methods are selected.

A variety of treatment of gonarthrosis

Anyone who has put the appropriate diagnosis, be sure to ask: how to treat osteoarthritis of the knee? Medicine offers:

  • conservative treatment with drugs;
  • related to Spa treatments;
  • ways to deal with human disease which is proven efficacy.

The ineffectiveness of the treatment, surgery is indicated.

Medication help

If a person was diagnosed with osteoarthritis of the knee treatment is primarily chosen for a variety of drugs. The traditional list includes a variety of medications, ranging from painkillers and chondroprotectors.

Creams designed to reduce pain in the general condition of the patient and to improve. Generally not used-steroidal painkillers.

Drugs are Sometimes injected directly affects the synovial membrane of the bag. To relieve symptoms is prescribed:

  1. Salicyate.
  2. Oxicam.
  3. Derivatives propionovoj acid.

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory pain relievers and effectively remove the unpleasant sensations, even pain, is, however, strong side effects, particular caution should apply to people with sick and stomach in the liver.

Hormone drugs are prescribed in the third degree of osteoarthritis, kun process is gone pois, and it requires a strong response. Cortisoothe the drug is administered and directly into the cartilage cavity is very fast positive effects, but side effects is the impact of the internal organs (liver, heart, blood vessels) endocrine background and the patient. Therefore, they are without obvious prescribed in vain in vain in short-term against and treatment.

physiotherapy treatment

Restore the damaged joint tissue, the use of chondroprotectors. He have always been associated with posttraumatic departronic promote the body actively and produce more synovial fluid regenerates the damaged cartilage. Chondroprotectors have taken a long time, because of the slow action. When they ny requires accuracy consistency. Specific doses based on the selected age, peculiarities of the health and status of acceptance of the patient of certain drugs.

Interesting! A new way to revive the cartilage fluid is considered hyaluronic acid that mainly cosmetics.

Acupuncture with common diseases

This method is not accepted healing for a long time the official medicine. But now acupuncture has a strong position in the treatment of chronic diseases, including all types of diseases of the lower limbs. Properly installed experienced acupuncture can save in a relatively short period of time and people discomfort contribute to produce the synovial fluid of the body and even the cartilage of the reform at an accelerated pace.

In the method of influence on biologically active zones and restoring the functioning of a proper living systems of all, it is also a good prevention of disease States. However, acupuncture must adhere to certain rules. Acupuncture is prohibited in the following circumstances:

  1. Serious immune system changes, immune deficiency, severe endocrine disorders (Cushing's syndrome).
  2. Tuberculosis and tendency to bleeding.
  3. Oncological diseases in anamnesis.
  4. Mental instability, depression, anxiety syndrome.
  5. Serious injuries.
  6. Intoxication of any origin, including chronic alcoholism.

It is recommended a few published for the first acupuncture sessions to visit close relatives or friends, because acupuncture promotes significant muscle relaxation and may need help.

Remedial gymnastics and occupational therapy

Joint diseases of any origin are well it affect, physical therapy and occupational therapy. The concept of occupational therapy is usually included in the manual, magnetic, mud, electrotherapy battle and a variety of other gonarthrosis.

Manual therapy is most often combined with complex physical therapy. Exercises and is used to warm up the muscles joints. The aim of the manual method:

  • General to improve the condition of the person;
  • increased blood of the son flow to the affected area;
  • strengthening regenerative potential of the body;
  • pain reduction and other symptoms of the disease.

Expert treatment for this should know their business well. The right massage is directed always in the direction of lymph flow, there should be either a or painful unpleasant feelings. Man should determine the composition and always use lotions rastirok, because the patient may be allergic to certain active components.

Nuance! If the patient comes to the field of literature to study and watch videos and photos, it can learn rubbing movements.

Folk remedies

In the early stages of the disease folk remedies justify their use even more than conservative treatment. Unlike steroids or Nsaids, those are the people health safe and have proven efficacy is mild mild forms of and, and are also suitable for prevention of pathological changes.

Common and affects recipes methods:

treatment of osteoarthritis
  1. The leaves of burdock in the amount of 5-6 pieces attached to the sore spot, pre-lubricated with sunflower oil. Tie a plastic bag and a woolen scarf. Compress leave for the night.
  2. Birch leaves, be sure early, collected in the early to mid-April, at least, can, is placed on the patient's limb. The poultice should be thinner than 3-4 see Also leave for the night.
  3. The honey massage. Pre-heated foot lubricated with a thin layer of honey and gently massage for fifteen to ten minutes. Repeat every day of the month.
  4. The onion broth. A large onion, boil the shells to full soft. The resulting substance to drink a daily glass.
  5. Celandine. Soak in the juice because people carry their ties on the side (or cloth), wrap around the legs for half an hour. The course lasts for a week at least, it is recommended to repeat three times.

Folk technique with each other can be combined, can be used simultaneously in several recipes. Basic rule: you should not use them as a replacement therapy, the traditional and the medicine should be complementary.

Preventive measures with gonarthrosis

Approach the healing of cartilage has to be changes and a comprehensive systematic. It means a complete overhaul, follow the certain way of life and instructions:

  1. A decrease in body mass. Because excess weight negatively affects the condition and the bones of the joints, the patient is recommended for weight loss.
  2. Diet disease should be restricted in calories, to remove and greasy red meat, fast food, fried food, sausages, sweets white bread and butter. Vegetable fats, it is recommended that the ny-olive oil salad dressings. Useful this is a popular place and use seafood, savory fruits and vegetables. You want to include a meal with low fat jelly plan and fruit jelly, preferably without sugar.
  3. Smoking cessation and alcohol consumption – as well as damage to all organs, including the connective tissue, the experience and long-term Smoking dust and bones, causing a related problem – osteoporosis.
  4. Dosed physical load. When abnormalities of the limbs is against contraindicated, such as lack of exercise and increased activity. People who have previously been involved in power and extreme sports, is to give up Hobbies and replacing them with less dangerous for the body. On the contrary, if a person is accustomed to sit all day in the office, he should also arrange Hiking and Jogging, aerobics stack gymnastics. Very useful for trips to the pool.
  5. The main amount of time to rest and simultaneous treatment of mineral water specializes in resorts.

Patients are advised to avoid excessive exercise, especially weight lifting. Women are sometimes offered through the mouth or added to by injecting hormones the amount of estrogen in the blood.

prevention of osteoarthritis

Prognosis for recovery

Is there a cure for osteoarthritis of the knee? To completely get rid of the disease work is not, but slow down the degenerative process.The best published for the first therapy opportunities and the second stage post-traumatic ditartrate, while in the third stage, when expressed pathological processes, often conservative, the effect is not enough and require surgical intervention.

Operation full the most severe cases, when the joint is completely destroyed, it is replaced by analog stainless steel or plastic. However, the timely measures, the favourable outlook is still it is possible to perform the regeneration of synovial fluid and connective tissue. Monitoring of their health, prevention of right and way of life, avoiding injuries is key to the health and flexibility of the foot.