Osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine: symptoms and treatment.

Osteochondrosis is characterized by the development of progressive degenerative processes in the articular skin. Typically, the pathology affects the intervertebral discs, which sees to the formation of painful sensations when walking and trying to move, and also disruption of the possession of your body. Depending on the localization of the degenerative processes degenerative disc disease is divided into cervical, thoracic and lumbar. This kind of disease is the most common today. While the average age of patients of this pathology rapidly declining — more and more often, the disease occurs in people under the age of 35 years.

back pain

Signs, symptoms and treatment of cervical degenerative disc disease

There are three degrees of helena stage cervical degenerative disc disease, which is clinically different from each other according to the symptomatic accounted for, and methods of treatment. Osteochondrosis of 1 degree of neck – this is the initial phase, degenerative disc disease, which is characterized by the emergence of the cracking of the fibrous rings and the rupture of the capsule of the intervertebral disc. Due to the degenerative-degenerative transformation in the joints of the cervical spine occur changes in the tissue structure, the pushing resulted in the violation of the integrity of the gelatinous core. At this stage of osteochondrosis of the first stage react to the symptoms, which means the beginning of the destructive process in the musculoskeletal system of the spine as follows:

  • Patient alarm symptoms of pain in the neck and shoulder joints (syndrome, shoulder periarthritis), which become sedentary. Cervical osteochondrosis of 1 degree, providing a pinched nerve endings, narrowing of blood vessels and lack of their blood circulation.
  • When cornering and slopes of the head, due to violation of spinal function, a person feels a sharp pain in the neck, which suggests that squeezing of the nerve branches, is so-called radicular syndrome.
  • Headaches, dizziness, uncomfortable feelings of pain in the neck area, the neck and the time zone of the head – is that testimony about the syndrome of the vertebral artery, where the brain is insufficiently ensured suitcase vascularity.
  • Already in osteochondrosis of the spine 1 degree, the person complains of deterioration of the visual system when the eyes appear flies, helena unexpectedly their veiled shroud.

Treatment of cervical degenerative disc disease provides a comprehensive therapeutic way of getting rid of the neurological clinic. The attending physician prescribes a course of drugs, physiotherapy, and recovery-rehabilitation therapy, in order to prevent more – 2 the degree of development of the disease. The whole therapeutic process is aimed at the elimination of painful sensations, software, anti-inflammatory treatment, relieve muscle spasms and improve the blood circulation of the affected cervical sections of the spine.

Osteochondrosis of 2 degrees of neck – a continuation of the intranuclear intervertebral decay and destruction of the fibrous capsule of the rings. Is determined by cervical osteochondrosis 2 extent on the condition of the vertebrae, where it significantly reduces medium height among them. Is this clinical condition provides a compression pinched nerve spinal branches. Treat a neurological pathology, in such a state, significantly harder and longer. In this inflammatory period of a person experiencing dots of the pain, rising in any kind of physical exertion, in the corners, helena slopes of the head.

Fortunately, in time who the experts patients, in osteochondrosis of the 2 degree, there is usually a deep lesion of the vertebral artery. Therefore, treatment of the cervical spine, 2 degrees limited therapeutic effect on the affected guests, and through pharmacological forms of treatment, massage, manual therapy and physiotherapy procedures. This means that the patient gets rid of the need for operative correction surgical way.

Non-drug treatment

Warn other damage to the intervertebral disc, get rid of all the uncomfortable feelings in the lower part of the back helps to therapeutic physical training. It is the only effective method of therapy, which can restore the functional activity of the spine. Thanks to the daily persecution strengthens the muscle corset back, accelerates blood circulation in the area of the damaged discs, increases local immunity. Exercises for the training picks up the doctor, physical therapy, relying on the vocational training of the patient and the results of the x-ray. Under his supervision are held the first trainings. Doctor shows how to correctly perform the exercises to the lumbar department of the spine is not subjected to excessive loads.

Improve the blood circulation in the lower part of the back will help all physiotherapy:

  • applique with ozokerite and paraffin;
  • magnetic therapy;
  • UHF-therapy;
  • laser;

Such a result can be achieved by the implementation of the course spot, classic, vacuum massage. Normalize blood circulation in the tissues of nutrients and oxygen helps the mud, hirudotherapy, manual therapy. If the person detected osteochondrosis of the lumbar 1 degree, it's as if it didn't sound weird, he is very happy. Only in the initial stage of development of the pathology lends itself well to conservative therapy and the prognosis for recovery is favorable.

Treatment of degenerative disc disease of the medicines

For starters, it should be noted that in the initial stage of development of degenerative disc disease in certain cases it is possible to manage without medication. Enough will be the application of therapeutic gymnastics, a variety of applicators (roll "Lyapko", iplikator Kuznetsova), as well as reduce the burden and eliminate the other causes of the disease. If the same symptoms on the momentum, and the research showed characteristic changes, it is necessary to connect the drugs that help influence how the causes, so the symptoms of degenerative disc disease. Treatment of degenerative disc disease of the medicines indicated at the time of his deterioration and is aimed at elimination of the inflammatory process, relief of the pain syndrome and increase in metabolic processes through internal adoption helena administration of drugs by injection. In connection with the fact that osteochondrosis – is a systemic disease, which negatively affects the various organs and systems, its treatment must be comprehensive. Drugs for the treatment of degenerative disc disease carry out the following tasks:

  • analgesia,
  • elimination of inflammation,
  • improves blood circulation in the affected tissues,
  • restoration of cartilage,
  • return to the loose joints,
  • the elimination of depression caused by constant pain.
laser therapy.

So, what drugs can be assigned to a neurologist for the treatment of degenerative disc disease?

NSAIDS (non-steroidal anti-antiinflammatory drugs)

They eliminate the inflammation and pain. Apply externally (gel, cream), inside (capsules, tablets), and also in the form of injection (intramuscularly, intravenously, subcutaneously). Vasodilators (vasodilators), as a result of muscle tension and pain syndrome in osteochondrosis occurs, the narrowing of the blood vessels. For addition, to avoid in this context, the side effects a doctor may be appointed as a drug that dilates blood vessels and improve nutrition of tissues.

The tension of the muscles (muscle relaxers)

Have a relaxing and soothing effect on the muscles. The process of healing without drugs in this group is slower, because due to its properties, the blood circulation is normal, feeling of pain dulled, the mobility of the back, and the affected tissue regenerate faster. Chondroprotectors do not give additional fracture, to stabilize the condition. Income chondroprotection long-term, lifelong, effect occurs following treatment for at least 6 months. Apply chondroprotectors on the outside, inside and in the form of injections.

Sedative (calming) means

Long-term painful, it can trigger stress and depression. In this case the prescribe medication of valerian, leonurus, the combined herbal preparations. In the more expressed disturbances of applied antidepressants, and for the improvement of the process of falling asleep and quality of sleep – hypnotics, drugs.

Vitamins and vitamin-mineral complexes

Greater importance here, they have B vitamins, because they are able to restore the sensitivity of the affected nerve fibers and decrease painful. Are part of such drugs (tablets and injections). With the objective of overall strengthening of the body can also be assigned to the vitamin-mineral complexes.

Symptoms of lumbar degenerative disc disease

When it comes to degenerative disc disease of the lumbar spine, the main symptom is pain. The character of the painful feelings, the point of origin and direction of propagation depend on what receptors receive the irritation, that is, how coarse changes on the disk and surrounding tissues, has a protrusion helena already hernia, which direction by a protrusion and so forth. List the main symptoms of lumbar degenerative disc disease:

  1. Pain in the lumbar spine whining character, are more intense during sudden movements, change the position of your body, the long stay in one position. Pain reduction occurs in the implementation of the horizontal position;
  2. Along with pain in the lumbar osteochondrosis can give a feeling of weakness in the lower part of the trunk and legs and also loss of tendon reflexes of the lower extremities;
  3. It is often observed curvature of the lumbar spine. Depending on the place where there is curvature, we distinguish scoliosis (curvature of the spine to the right of helena to the left), lordosis (bending forward) and kyphosis (smoothing lumbar bending);
  4. In the event that osteochondrosis led to clip and dysfunction of the spinal cord, patients may be uncontrollable urine and stool.

Other symptoms:

  • cold weather skin sheets and stiffness in the area of the lower part of the back, buttocks;
  • dryness, flaking, blue skin on the lower back and buttocks;
  • violation of sweating in the buttocks area;
  • violation of urination;
  • erectile dysfunction.

These symptoms indicate the beginning of the disease, and requires medical intervention. Treatment degenerative disc disease it is possible to perform in inpatient and home conditions.

Treatment of lumbar degenerative disc disease

The treatment of degenerative disc disease of the lumbar-sacral spine deals with the neurologist. The standard scheme of treatment is as follows: the doctor performs a diagnosis, determines the degree of development of the disease, brings complications. With regard to this selects the method of treatment — conservative helena surgical.

Therapeutic physical education

Physical therapy in osteochondrosis of the spine spends in the equipped hall under the supervision of a physician. You are going to spend, when it comes to remission, and the patient suffers from pain. The doctor monitors the patient's condition during physical activity, in the case that the pain of helena's discomfort, corrects exercises to helena cancelled. Every profession in the medical gymnastics is conducted in several stages. During the exercise the patient performed light exercises, which warm up muscles and disperse any blood. In the main part — the exercises for the affected spine. In the final — relaxing stretching.

Physiotherapy in lumbar osteochondrosis

Rehabilitation procedures are carried out, to numb, to improve blood circulation and nutrition of tissues and reduce inflammation. Most often, patients with prescribe:

  • electrophoresis, which helps to reduce the neurological manifestations of the disease;
  • diadinamotherapy with exposure to currents of varying intensity, which effectively removed a significant painful;
  • ultrasonic therapy with influence along the affected spine;
  • magnetic and with the influence of an alternating magnetic field.

To achieve the best effect, the patient is prescribed a complex of several physiotherapy procedures.

massage

On an elastic therapeutic tape

For pain relief apply a cotton band-aid with hot-melt glue. There are special types of medicinal patches for pain in the neck, thoracic area, back pain and problems with joints.

Jabs in osteochondrosis of the lumbar

When lumbar osteochondrosis the doctor may prescribe the patient the following jabs to treat:

  • chondroprotectors protects the cartilage of the fabric from further destruction, slow down the development of degenerative violations;
  • non-steroid anti-inflammatory reduce inflammation, have antipyretic and analgesic effect due to the reduction of edema in the focus of inflammation;
  • vitamin complexes and to restore the blood circulation in the affected areas, speeding up the renewal of nerve fibers, improve the condition of the organism as a whole.

Injections can only be prescribed by a doctor, as with methods of treatment there are contraindications. For example, many drugs are banned allergies, pregnant and nursing mothers.

Treatment medicines

Doctors are trying to get away from this method of treatment, but in the extreme case prescribe these drugs for the treatment of degenerative disc disease of the lumbar-sacral department:

  • analgesics are just pain relievers helena other anti-inflammatory effects;
  • antispasmodics eliminate muscle spasms, because of what stops the pressure on the nerve endings and the pain subsides;
  • vasodilator drugs improve blood microcirculation, helps to shorten the recovery time of the spine after treatment of degenerative disc disease.

Treatment with tablets spend independently helena in combination with injections. For example, a certain medicine is prescribed in tablet form, and if it is insufficient effective — served it in the form of injection.

Surgery

Surgery — radical measures, which only apply in serious cases. During the operation, the doctor completely removes the cause of the pain and performed spinal stabilization. Left untreated osteochondrosis lead to a hernia, the chronic radiculitis, persistent neuralgia, limb deformities, and eventually to disability.